中国画 Chinese painting
Traditional Chinese painting (distinct from "Western painting"), has a long history and has its own system in the world art field. Tools and materials include brush, ink, painting pigment, rice paper, silk and so on; subjects include figures, landscapes, flowers and birds etc; techniques include “gongbi” (meticulous) and “xieyi” (freehand). Chinese painting pays attention to the line shapes. The color is not bound up with the cold and warm hue of light sources or the color under a special light. Instead, it emphasizes the original color of objects and the use of "pen and ink". Chinese painting has its own characteristics in the conception, composition, technique and the stylized performance. It is created in accordance with the unique aesthetics of Chinese nations and the consequent artistic techniques.